Qur’an is a wonderful book which Allah revealed to mankind for guidance and glad tidings.
Allah has created life and death in order to discriminate and test who would do good deeds in this life. ( He Who created Death and Life, that He may try which of you is best in deed: and He is the Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving;- The Sovereign 67/2) and in order to ease this trial (test) ; He revealed Qur’an to mankind as an advice as well as guidance . (Here is) a Book which We have sent down unto thee, full of blessings, that they may mediate on its Signs, and that men of understanding may receive admonition. Sad 38/28). Clearly, Allah asks us to deeply think about Qur’an to take heed from it.
Qur’an is clear to understand (Thus have We sent down Clear Sings; and verily Allah doth guide whom He will! The Pilgrimage 22/16) very understandable; Allah made it easy to understand (So have We made the (Qur’an) easy in thine own tongue, that with it thou mayest give Glad Tidings to the righteous, and warnings to people given to contention. Mary 19/97), very detailed (A. L. R. (This is) a Book, with verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning), further explained in detail,- from One Who is Wise and Well-acquainted (with all things): HUD 11/1) , explained by Allah (Say: “Shall I seek for judge other than Allah? – when He it is Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in detail.” They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath been sent down from thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt. Enam 6/114) There exists all the information necessary in Quran till the Judgment day. (And We have explained to man, in this Qur’an, every kind of similitude: yet the greater part of men refuse (to receive it) except with ingratitude! Isra 17/89) , non of the topic left unmentioned (There is not an animal (that lives) on the earth, nor a being that flies on its wings, but (forms part of) communities like you. Nothing have we omitted from the Book, and they (all) shall be gathered to their Lord in the end. An’ am 6/ 38)
All these verse are enough to confront the claim that one person alone can not understand Qur’an.
Allah created heavens and earth and is the only Commander ever. ( Say: “(Allah) knows best how long they stayed: with Him is (the knowledge of) the secrets of the heavens and the earth: how clearly He sees, how finely He hears (everything)! They have no protector other than Him; nor does He share His Command with any person whatsoever. Kehf 16/26) Our Almighty Lord Allah has revealed the religion Islam as a mercy with Qur’an to our Prophet along with a path , little different than previous religions’ paths. (This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. Maide 6/3)
Allah revealed Qur’an just as much as needed till the Judgment day; if He would have wanted He could have revealed a larger book than today’s Quran. (And if all the trees on earth were pens and the ocean (were ink), with seven oceans behind it to add to its (supply), yet would not the words of Allah be exhausted (in the writing): for Allah is Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom. Luqman, 31/27) Allah has chosen a very easy religion for the people who welcome Islam. (Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. The Cow 2/185). It is a religion with a very few forbidden things and a lot lawful things in it (And strive in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. ………..The Pilgrimage ,22/78) Before Qur’an, Allah had tested Jews with more Forbidden and less Lawful things . This clearly shows that Allah sets different laws (paths) for different religions as He will . He wanted this much rules for Islam and set the few rules in Quran. (For the iniquity of the Jews We made unlawful for them certain (foods) good and wholesome which had been lawful for them;- in that they hindered many from Allah’s Way;- The Women , 160) He is testing the people who chose Islam with such few forbidden things. Having set different rules in previous religions shows also that ALLAH set exactly the same rules as He intended to do in Quran. If He would have wanted to set more forbidden things; He could have mentioned them in Quran like He did in Torah. As anotner example, to Thamud people were sent Prophet Salih but to kill the female camel was strictly forbidden whereas in Islam camel supposed to be a very well offer for sacrifice. So the Sharia ( Path) , the rules of Allah, in every religion , is subject to change with HIS WILL. The reason behind those rules is to test the people’s strength of surrender or to keep them apart from some harmful things.
Likewise, during the revelation of Quran, Allah advised that asking NO questions about the points which He did not mention in Quran. In Quran He indicated that it would be better for mankind not to ask because He forgave that points and let the mankind free of them . (O ye who believe! Ask not questions about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. But if ye ask about things when the Qur’an is being revealed, they will be made plain to you, Allah will forgive those: for Allah is Oft- forgiving, Most Forbearing. Maide 5/101) ; And also because Allah says He created the mankind weak (Allah doth wish to lighten your (difficulties): For man was created Weak (in flesh). The women. 4/28)
He did not burden the mankind as a result of His endless Grace . He eased the religion by holding the people responsible ONLY from Quran (The (Qur’an) is indeed the message, for thee and for thy people; and soon shall ye (all) be brought to account (of it) . Zuhruf 43/44)
Our Prophet’s (PBUH) Morality was a reflection of Quran; he never exceeded far from Quranic morality at all; He took only Quran as guidance all his life. Whatever incident he face all his life; he took decisions totally along with Quran and
as a trustworthy Messenger, he successfully taught what was revealed to him from ALLAH . He was very much meticulous about this huge and important duty and lived very carefully about the limits of Allah. (The Star 3 . Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire. 4 . It is no less than inspiration sent down to him: )
We could understand again from Quran that our beloved Prophet did not set any other lawful or forbidden things other than whatever exists already in Quran ; so that All Mighty Allah says that our Prophet would never do anything like setting other rules than Quran ; if he had done like this Allah might have punished him .
(HAKKA 44. And if the messenger were to invent any sayings in Our name, 45 . We should certainly seize him by his right hand, 46 . And We should certainly then cut off the artery of his heart: 47 . Nor could any of you withhold him (from Our wrath)).
If any of prophet would set any forbidden things other than the book he was sent with; it would mean that this prophet is associating false gods to ALLAH (We praise all Prophets of ALLAH of such a sin)
(Ali Imran 79 . It is not (possible) that a man, to whom is given the Book, and Wisdom, and the prophetic office, should say to people: “Be ye my worshippers rather than Allah.s”: on the contrary (He would say) “Be ye worshippers of Him Who is truly the Cherisher of all: For ye have taught the Book and ye have studied it earnestly.”80 . Nor would he instruct you to take angels and prophets for Lords and patrons. What! would he bid you to unbelief after ye have bowed your will (To Allah in Islam)?)
Before Quran was revealed, some of the Christians priests and Jewish rabbis made up some extra lawful and forbidden things other than what was revealed Bible and Torah.
(Iron 27 . Then, in their wake, We followed them up with (others of) Our messengers: We sent after them Jesus the son of Mary, and bestowed on him the Gospel; and We ordained in the hearts of those who followed him Compassion and Mercy. But the Monasticism which they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe for them: (We commanded) only the seeking for the Good Pleasure of Allah; but that they did not foster as they should have done. Yet We bestowed, on those among them who believed, their (due) reward, but many of them are rebellious transgressors. )
By this, they invented a new religion which is very hard to practice and have people refrain from their religion. And some people of the Book followed these rules just because some religious men said them. They associated false gods to ALLAH by following new rules, which did existed neither in Bible nor in Torah. Allah mentions this in Quran for today’s Muslims to take heed and shows great hatred to whom conduct such deeds.
The Repentance 9/31 . They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as their Lord) Christ the son of Mary; yet they were commanded to worship but One Allah: there is no god but He. Praise and glory to Him: (Far is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him).
Today the same incident is happening in Islamic world; throughout the history Muslims approached some sources other than Quran like hadiths and ijma and followed those rules, which they invented out of those sources.
The cow 2/78 . And there are among them illiterates, who know not the Book, but (see therein their own) desires, and they do nothing but conjecture.
79 . Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands, and then say: “This is from Allah,” to traffic with it for miserable price!- Woe to them for what their hands do write, and for the gain they make thereby.
Unfortunately, Satan has ambushed and encompassed Islam in one way with atheism and its so called “scientific” base Darwinism and in another way with bigotry that he inserted into Islam which do not exist in Quran
But meanwhile one issue should not be misunderstood, not all the hadiths are wrong; hadiths become reliable only when people understand the Quran and Allah’s order in Quran; then they can filter all hadiths through Quran and clarify which one is reliable and which one is not. It is a huge slander to our beloved Prophet that he had said some of the hadiths that don’t comply with Quran at all. There exists some hadiths complying with Quran but those hadiths making up new lawful and forbidden things are not true at all. Our Prophet did not say any of them at all. Hadiths that are along with Quran may strengthen any Muslim’s faith but the only source for a Muslim is always Quran of which he will be held responsible solely (Ornaments 43/44 . The (Qur’an) is indeed the message, for thee and for thy people; and soon shall ye (all) be brought to account.) Actually our Prophet, in Quran, complains to Allah that his people got away from Quran (The Criterion 25/30 . Then the Messenger will say: “O my Lord! Truly my people took this Qur’an for just foolish nonsense.” )
Before completing the subject; we would like to clarify two Quranic concepts which some people use as reference of their claim that the sunnah ( behaviors of Prophet Muhammed) is also the source of Islam . People who have traditional view claims that with the word “Wise” Allah meant sunnah, hadith or anything other than the verses; so that they think Quran is not the only source, but our Prophet can set some rules beside Quran. But Allah revealed in Quran (The Cave 18/26 . Say: “(Allah) knows best how long they stayed: with Him is (the knowledge of) the secrets of the heavens and the earth: how clearly He sees, how finely He hears (everything)! They have no protector other than Him; nor does He share His Command with any person whatsoever.)
Now lets take a look at the “Wise”… There exists no proof in Quran that this word may be the source of Islam other than Quran as well as for hadiths or sunnah . Just the contrary, there are a lot of verses explaining the Wise is within in the Quran only : Luqman 2 . These are Verses of the Wise Book,-
Ya-sin 2 . By the Qur’an, full of Wisdom,-
As we can understand from the verses as well ; the Wisdom is the Quran itself.
The second verse they refer for sunnah is (The Clans 33#21#Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern (of conduct) for any one whose hope is in Allah and the Final Day, and who engages much in the Praise of Allah.)
There are people who claims that Allah meant sunnah with this word but referring al the verses in Quran , we can understand that our prophet can not set any rules , lawful or forbidden things apart from Quran . Meaning, the “pattern” understood in the verse is Quran itself. Indeed, the word Sunnah is only used for Allah in whole Quran for explaining the continuous, constant behavioral way of Allah throughout all history; Sunnah is never attributed to Prophet in any verse at all.
The Prophet of Allah had lived solely according to Quran; His sunnah is the practice of Quran ; It cant be his sunnah to make up new laws instead of Quran ; knowing Quran very well and practice it would be practice of behaviors our beloved Prophet; Hadiths could be referred true only if they are filtered through Quran ; for this action people must know Quran very well .Finally , if the verses of Quran is known very well; then hadiths complying with Quran may support a Muslim’s faith. But eventually as we mentioned above verse ; the Muslims will be held liable only about Quran not from Hadiths. There is no verse saying that Muslim will be responsible of Hadiths.
As an meaningful information, the word hadith (which means “Word” in Arabic) used always in a negative meaning other than when it is used for Allah’s word. Allah wants to emphasize that only but only Allah’s word is precious to follow.
All of those we explained are the answers to another claim that Hadiths explain Quran . Quran does not need explanation of hadiths; it is mentioned above verses that Quran is understandable and explained by Allah already . Quran is alone source of religion and it is Allah’s promise clarify it in details. (Resurractuion 75/19 . Nay more, it is for Us to explain it (and make it clear): )
And this clarification, Allah reveals to descent Muslims when they read Quran.
As s result, Quran is solely sufficient to live Islam; praying , fasting and all other ways of religious practices , destiny and all other topics are mentioned in the Quran fully and detailed. (The An’am 6/115 . The word of thy Lord doth find its fulfillment in truth and in justice: None can change His words: for He is the one who heareth and knoweth all.) Allah did not forget (We Praise Allah) none of them in His holy Book . (Taha 20/52 . He replied: “The knowledge of that is with my Lord, duly recorded: my Lord never errs, nor forgets,- ) ( An’am 6/ 38 ……we left nothing missing I this Book …… ) All those topics are more understandable and easy to practice than mentioned in fake Hadiths , ijma and Comparing sources . That’s why Islam is a religion of ease. A Muslim should only surrender himself to Allah decently and read Quran carefully and continuously; study it (so to say) and ask understanding from Allah. InshaALLAH , Allah will give him understanding as per his decency.